Repeat photography has emerged as an important tool for understanding and documenting long-term change in the environment. The publications below provide some examples of how repeat photography has been used in southern Africa.

  1. Hoffman MT and Cowling RM 1990. Vegetation change in the semi-arid, eastern Karoo over the last two hundred years: An expanding Karoo - fact or fiction? South African Journal of Science 86, 286-294. [View]
  2. Hoffman MT 1991. Is the Karoo spreading? Veld and Flora 77(1), 4-7. [View]
  3. Hoffman MT & O'Connor TG 1999. Vegetation change over 40 years in the Weenen/Muden area, KwaZulu-Natal: evidence from photo-panoramas. African Journal of Range & Forage Science 16 (2&3): 71-88. [View]
  4. Hoffman MT and Rohde RF 2007. From pastoralism to tourism: The historical impact of changing land use practices in Namaqualand. Journal of Arid Environments 70: 641-658. [View]
  5. Rohde RF and Hoffman MT 2008. One hundred years of separation: The historical ecology of a South African 'Coloured Reserve'. Africa 78(2): 189-222. [View]
  6. Hongslo E, Rohde R and Hoffman MT 2009. Landscape change and ecological processes in relation to land-use in Namaqualand, South Africa, 1939-2005. South African Geographical Journal 91(2): 63-74. [View]
  7. Hoffman MT & Rohde RF 2010. An analysis of 20th century vegetation change in Namaqualand using repeat photography. In: Schmiedel U & Jürgens N (Eds). Biodiversity in Southern Africa - Volume II: Patterns and Processes at Regional Scale. Klaus Hess Publishers, Göttingen & Windhoek. pp.15-21. ISBN: 978-3-933117-46-5.
  8. Hoffman MT and Rohde R 2011. Long-term changes in the vegetation of southern Africa as revealed by repeat photography. In: Zietsman L (Ed.): Observations on environmental change in South Africa. Sunmedia, Stellenbosch. pp.79-83. ISBN 978-1-920338-24-4.
  9. Hoffman MT and Rohde RF 2011. Rivers through time: Historical changes in the riparian vegetation of the semi-arid, winter rainfall region of South Africa in response to climate and land use. Journal of the History of Biology 44(1): 59-80. [View]
  10. Hoffman MT, Rohde RF, Duncan J and Kaleme P 2011. Repeat photography, climate change and the long-term population dynamics of tree Aloes in southern Africa. In: Webb RH, Boyer DE and Turner RM (Eds): Repeat photography-Methods and applications in the natural sciences. Island Press, Washington DC. pp.133-142. ISBN 978-1-59726-713-7.
  11. Rohde RF & Hoffman MT 2012. Historical ecology of Namibian rangelands: Vegetation change since 1876 in response to local and global drivers. Science of the Total Environment 416: 276-288. [View]
  12. Masubelele ML, Hoffman MT, Bond WJ and Burdett P 2013. Vegetation change (1988-2010) in the Camdeboo National Park, South Africa using fixed-point photo monitoring: The role of herbivory and climate. Koedoe - African Protected Area Conservation and Science 55(1), Art. #1127, 16pp. [View]
  13. Hoffman MT. 2014. Changing patterns of rural land use and land cover in South Africa and their implications for land reform. Journal of Southern African Studies 40(4): 705-725. [View]
  14. Masubelele ML, Hoffman MT, Bond WJ and Gambiza J 2014. A 50 year study shows grass cover has increased in shrublands of semi-arid South Africa. Journal of Arid Environments 104: 43-51. [View]
  15. Ward D, Hoffman MT and Collocott SJ 2014. A century of woody plant encroachment in the dry Kimberley savanna of South Africa. African Journal of Range & Forage Science, 31(2): 107-121. [View]
  16. Masubelele ML, Hoffman MT and Bond WJ 2015. A repeat photograph analysis of long-term vegetation change in semi-arid South Africa in response to land use and climate. Journal of Vegetation Science 26(5): 1013-1023. [View]
  17. Poulsen Z and Hoffman MT 2015. Changes in the distribution of indigenous forest in Table Mountain National Park during the 20th century. South African Journal of Botany 101: 49-56. [View]
  18. White JDM, Jack SL, Hoffman MT, Puttick J, Bonora D and February EC 2016. Collapse of an iconic conifer: Long-term changes in the demography of Widdringtonia cedarbergensis using repeat photography. BMC Ecology 16:53. 30 November 2016. [View]
  19. Okubamichael DY, Jack S, de Wet Bosenberg J, Hoffman MT and Donaldson JS 2016. Repeat photography confirms alarming decline in South African cycads. Biodiversity and Conservation 25(11): 2153-2170. [View]
  20. Hoffman MT, Rohde RF and Gillson L 2019. Rethinking catastrophe? Historical trajectories and modelled future vegetation change in southern Africa. Anthropocene 25: 100189. [View]
  21. Rohde RF, Hoffman MT, Durbach I, Venter Z and Jack S 2019. Vegetation and climate change in the Pro-Namib and Namib Desert based on repeat photography: insights into climate trends. Journal of Arid Environments 165: 119-131. [View]
  22. Cowling RM and Hoffman MT 2021. Multi-decadal vegetation change in dune vegetation of the south-eastern Cape Floristic Region: is thicket expansion without fire inevitable? South African Journal of Botany 142: 73-81. [View]
  23. Fleury G, Hoffman MT and Todd SW 2021. Land reform and its impact on the arid South African environment: Riemvasmaak as a case study. African Journal of Range and Forage Science 38(2): 157-168. [View]
  24. Scott, S. L., Venter, Z. S., Petersen, H., Jack, S. L., Navarro, R. A., Hoffman, M. T., 2021. Documenting changing landscapes with rePhotoSA: A repeat photography and citizen science project in southern Africa. Ecological Informatics. 64, 101390. [View]
  25. Eastment C, Humphrey G, Hoffman MT, Gillson L 2022. The influence of contrasting fire management practice on bush encroachment: lessons from Bwabwata National Park, Namibia. Journal of Vegetation Science 25(1): e13123. [View]
  26. Hoffman MT and Rohde RF 2022. The use of repeat photography in African historical ecology. In: Decocq G (Ed.). Historical ecology: Learning from the past to understand the present and forecast the future of ecosystems. ISTE Science Publishing Ltd, London. ISBN: 9781789450903. pp. 57-70.